As the UK has become a third country, negotiations on the future partnership between the EU and the UK could begin. The framework for these future relations was defined in the political declaration adopted by both sides in October 2019. On November 8, Mr Johnson said that the outlines of an agreement were clear and that an agreement had to be reached.  Britain and the EU agree on their objective of an unrestricted free trade agreement on imports or exports, known as zero tariffs, zero quotas.  The UK Withdrawal Agreement contains no provision for future EU-UK relations. Its sole objective is to reduce cooperation in a controlled manner on the basis of the UK`s accession to the EU. The EU and the UK will negotiate agreements for their future relations in different sectors during the transition period, i.e. sometime in 2020. The aim is for the future relationship to enter into force on January 1, 2021 The Financial Times reported on July 27 that both sides had reported that the range of disagreements was narrowing “to pave the way for an agreement in September or at the latest in October” and that officials on both sides say that “compromises are there to be reached.” However, negotiations remained stalled on two main points: fishing rights and public subsidies/state aid.
The next European Council will be held on 15 and 16 October. The EU believes that EU heads of state or government could approve a political agreement. However, as in the Brexit process, a new summit of EU heads of state and government could be convened to approve a deal. The UK and the EU must agree and ratify an agreement on a “new partnership” by the end of the year if it is to be in force at the end of the transition period. These documents set out our approach to our future relations with the European Union. As of 1 January 2021, the UK will no longer be part of the internal market or customs union. Even if an agreement on future relations is reached by the end of the year, the EU`s relationship with the UK will change radically and will be very different from those of the UNITED Kingdom, which was a member of the single market. Take, for example, the customs and tax formalities that will then be necessary. Like the EU Member States, citizens and businesses in Germany and the EU as a whole must adapt to these consequences of the end of the transition period, whether or not an agreement is reached on the future partnership with the UK.
We are looking for the kind of agreement that the EU has already reached with Canada and other friendly countries in recent years. Our proposal builds on previous EU agreements, such as the Comprehensive Economic Agreement, the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement and the EU-South Korea Free Trade Agreement. And it is in line with the political declaration agreed last October, in which both sides set the goal of concluding a free trade agreement “zero tariffs, zero tariffs”. Statements by the UK and the EU after the first three rounds of negotiations indicated differences between the two sides on several issues, on four main points: (i) the governance of future relations, including contract architecture and dispute resolution mechanisms; (ii) “fair competition conditions” to ensure “open and fair” competition; (iii) fishing; and (iv) police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. “We are not afraid of proposals that there will be friction, there will be greater barriers.