Loan contracts reflect, like any contract, an “offer,” “acceptance of offer,” “consideration” and can only relate to “legal” situations (a term loan contract involving the sale of heroin drugs is not “legal”). Loan contracts are recorded in their letters of commitment, agreements that reflect agreements between the parties involved, a certificate of commitment and a guarantee contract (for example. B a mortgage or personal guarantee). The credit contracts offered by regulated banks are different from those offered by financial firms, with banks benefiting from a “bank charter”, which is granted as a privilege and which includes “public confidence”. A facility is an agreement between an entity and a public or private lender that allows the entity to borrow a specified amount of money for a variety of purposes for a short period of time. The loan is for a specified amount and does not require guarantees. The borrower makes monthly or quarterly payments with interest until the debt is fully settled. Particular attention should be paid to all “default cross” clauses that affect the fact that a failure in one agreement triggers a standard between another. These should not apply to on-demand facilities provided by the lender and should include thresholds defined accordingly.
Depending on the needs of lenders, a number of facilities are available for short-term borrowers. These loans may or may not be committed. The categorization of loan contracts by type of facility generally results in two main categories: loan contracts concluded by commercial banks, savings banks, financial enterprises, insurance companies and investment banks are very different from each other and all feed for different purposes. “Commercial banks” and “savings banks” because they accept deposits and take advantage of FDIC insurance, generate credits that include concepts of “public trust.” Prior to the intergovernmental banking system, this “public confidence” was easily measured by national banking supervisors, who were able to see how local deposits were used to finance the working capital needs of industry and local businesses and the benefits of the organization`s employment. “Insurance agencies,” which charge premiums for the provision of life, property and accident insurance, have entered into their own types of loan contracts.